Farming is the process of seeding, growing and harvesting crops. This provides the player better access to specific resources used in crafting.
To begin farming, players will need a Gardening Hoe and Seeds. Seeds can be obtained by chopping down trees (Birch trees do not appear to give seeds as of A14.7), by looting them from Trash Pile, Trash Can, Cabinets or a Refrigerator, or by crafting them from Vegetables also found in the same containers. To remove seeds directly from Vegetables, click on the vegetable, then go to recipes and craft the seed.
Seeds currently in-game include:
- Cotton Seed - does not require fertile or grassless ground
- Maple Seed - cannot be planted directly next to other plants, does not require fertile ground
- Corn Seed - does not require fertile or grassless ground
- Pine Seed - cannot be planted directly next to other plants, does not require fertile ground
- Potato Seed - requires tilled fertile dirt
- Blueberry Bush-requires tilled fertile dirt
- Goldenrod Flower - requires tilled fertile dirt
- Coffee - requires tilled fertile dirt
Trees seeds must be planted at least two blocks apart and do not require any special preparation of the ground. Since they cannot be planted directly next to other plants, Trees are better planted seperately from other plants. For players who don't nessesarily want a tree farm, simply replanting seeds in an area harvested will ensure the continued availability of the resource in that area. It takes 120 in-game days for a tree to grow from a seed.
There are two types of dirt blocks. There is Dirt and Fertile Dirt. Dirt requires that a Gardening Hoe be used on it to prepare it for seeding. Right clicking (PC) on the untouched dirt with the tool will turn it into Fertile Dirt which is viable for seeding. If Fertile Dirt was placed by the player, it is already ready for seeding and does not require a Gardening Hoe to be used on it. Equip the seeds (have them in the character's right hand) and right click in the center of the dirt. This will place the seed.
Water is not required for farming (as of A9). Sunlight is required for growth. Torchlight will not work for this. To plant underground, players will need to have a shaft of light from a secure skylight above the farming area. A one block shaft will cover the plants immediately next to that block, so if players have more than 9 blocks in a section, more light will be needed.
Fertile ground that has been placed by a player, while it does not require the use of the Gardening Hoe, will - if left too long - grow grass. This will turn the ground into Grassy Fertile Dirt. A few seeds are not bothered by this and are safe to plant adjacent to other Grassy blocks. They are Cotton Seed, Corn Seed. Maple and Pine can also be planted in Grassy dirt but must be two blocks apart. If you plant seeds other than the ones just mentioned next to eachother in Grassy dirt, any adjacent plant in a Grassy block will become uprooted.
The most effecient way to farm is to create a place for the farm, add fertile dirt, then immediately seed it. Non tree plants take 120 - 180 (corn) minutes to grow. Immediately after harvesting. plant new seeds. This will keep grass from growing on the farm and will eliminate the need to till the ground.